Edited and Published by: MARION ZIMMER BRADLEY
Associate Editor: GENE DAMON
Cover design and layouts by Kerry Dame
Entire contents copyright, May 1960, by Marion Zimmer Bradley, Box 158, Rochester, Texas. All rights reserved.
THE PURPOSE AND HISTORY OF THE CHECKLISTHere, in a single volume, it has been our intention to list, document and review every novel dealing, however slightly, with female variance, lesbianism or intense emotional relationships between women. We have also included a majority of the better known novels which, dealing primarily with male homosexuality, are of interest to the collector of variant fiction in general.
In related supplements we have compiled lists of variant poetry, variant films, of the major book services and publishing houses where these books can be obtained, and of the homosexual press.
The titles in the major portion of the Checklist are listed in a single comprehensive index by author. Information includes date published, number of reprints and publisher’s name. Brief reviews are included of most titles. An effort has been made in each case to distinguish whether the work under discussion is a novel about lesbianism, whether the variant content has been included mostly for shock effect, or whether (as in some excellent modern novels) homosexual characters appear incidentally to the other main themes of action in the book.
In such a comprehensive listing, reviews must of necessity be brief. For further discussion of many of the titles listed here, with excellent and complete critical analysis of their variant content, the serious student or collector is earnestly urged to invest in the definitive and major work on the subject:
FOSTER, Jeannette Howard; Sex Variant Women in Literature. N. Y. Vantage Press, 1956.Although now officially out of print, this book can occasionally be obtained second hand, and copies will soon be offered for sale through the Daughters of Bilitis publication, THE LADDER. (See appendix.) We have made no effort to give more than cursory reviews of titles which are discussed at length in Dr. Foster’s work. However, since the publication of the Foster book, many new novels of lesbianism have been published, and the diligent search of many collectors, working with the Checklist editors, has brought many old ones to light.
We have tried to review in some detail the novels which were omitted from Dr. Foster’s work, and to strive for completeness, even at the expense of discriminatory judgment about the excellence or otherwise of the works included. Therefore this Checklist includes many works whose lesbian content was too slight, too subtle—or too “trashy”—to have come within the scope of the scholarly studies of Dr. Foster or the running column, Lesbiana, conducted by junior editor Gene Damon in the3pages of THE LADDER.
It is our further contention that many novels dealing with male homosexuality come also within the province of the serious collector of lesbiana. We make, however, no claim for completeness for novels which fall within the homosexual, rather than the lesbian province. In general, the male titles included in this list—clearly defined, in each case, by the sign (m)—have been included because they were of special interest to the editors and therefore are presumably of interest to other collectors of lesbiana.
For those who wish a complete list of works dealing with male homosexuality, we suggest the comprehensive bibliography compiled by Noel I. Garde, discussed in the Appendix of Related Publications. Mr. Garde has indexed virtually every homosexual work from antiquity to the latest paperback shocker, and has also performed the mighty task of separating them into categories ... a task from which the Checklist editors have shrunk, though we have made some attempt at classification in our reviews and by awarding a plus sign to books of exceptional value. (For further discussion of this division, please consult the “List of Symbols and Abbreviations” on page 2.)
Most of the reviews in the present listing were written by one of the editors; no attempt has been made to divide the reviews written by MZB from those written by Damon. In general, these reviews have been gathered from so many sources that the awarding of individual credit would be impossible.
This Checklist, 1960, is the last of the cumulative Checklists. Plans at present are to publish brief supplements annually, listing only new titles, new reprints of old titles, or new discoveries of overlooked titles. Since this is the case, we feel that some brief history of the Checklist might be of interest to the readers.
Nearly 10 years ago, in the mailing of the Fantasy Amateur Press Association, a very bitter discussion was raging on the subject of censorship—pro and con. Complicating this discussion, a man who is now dead, and shall therefore be nameless, published a scathing attack on homosexuals. By way of subtle reproof, and partially as a deadpan joke on this man, your senior editor, with Royal Drummond (whose “Digression” was highly praised by Checklist readers last year ...) published a 12-page offset leaflet, with editorials attacking censorship, and extensive reviews of perhaps a dozen of the best known homosexual novels. This leaflet had a cartoon cover and the general light-hearted tone of the publication was indicated by the title, which was Fairy Tales for Fabulous Faps. Reaction to this leaflet was mixed, but in general the readers enjoyed it, and said, “Do this again some time—”.However, soon after this, Mr. Drummond dropped out of the Fantasy Amateur Press Association, and your present editor had no impetus to continue the series single-handed.4
Early in the history of the publication known as THE LADDER, your senior editor had the privilege of reviewing the Foster book mentioned above, while the junior editor was in charge of theLesbiana column. After reading the Foster work, your editor (MZB) resolved to publish a list of the omitted titles; when I began cutting the mimeograph stencils, however, I resolved to review not only the titles which Dr. Foster had omitted, but all of those which I had read, for the purpose of putting into print my own personal opinions and reactions. This first Checklist was calledAstra’s Tower #2, and the number 2 seems to have baffled a good many people—they all wrote in, inquiring about #1. Number 1, however, was a mimeographed booklet of my own fiction, published during my late teens for the FAPA, mentioned above.
Through this first Checklist, I came into contact with Miss Damon, and because paperback lesbiana was blossoming on all the stands, we quickly resolved to publish another Checklist. I had fully intended to give Miss Damon full credit for her work last year; however, the mimeograph work on last year’s list was so poor, the quality of the paper so bad, and some unreliable reviewers fouled me up so badly on data, that I refused to foist off any portion of the blame on other shoulders.
The relaxing of censorship of recent years—as documented in the Supreme Court judgment relevant to Lady Chatterley’s Lover, etc.—has meant, in recent fiction, fewer taboos and in general a franker treatment of sexual themes. On the whole this is a good thing. However and unfortunately, it has also released a flood of trash and borderline erotica, of no literary worth and“interesting” only for the sexual content. Your editors have conscientiously waded through all this newsstand slush (and believe me, we get no kick out of it) because experience has taught us that even the worst peddlers of commercialized sex-trash sometimes come up with exceptionally well-written, honest and sincere work. For instance, Beacon Books (a subsidiary of Universal Publishing and Distributing Company)—some of whose paperback originals can be called printable only by the uttermost charity,—are currently also publishing the work of Artemis Smith, one of the major writers in the variant field today.
However, actually reviewing the majority of this stuff is impossible. Most of these books are not novels at all. They have impossibly complex plots—or no plots at all—since the story exists only as an excuse for the characters to jump into amorous exercise with the closest male, or female, or sometimes both. This sort of thing, “lesbian” only remotely, belongs more properly to the field of curiosa. One can, of course, display a Place Pigalle post card in a gallery with the Botticelli Venus, and classify them both as “nudes”. I personally consider this an insult to the Venus, and the devotee of “feelthy peectures” will find the restraint and taste of fine art too tame for his jaded tastes.
We are unalterably opposed to most censorship—but after5wading through almost a hundred books whose only excuse for existence is to provide phony “thrills” for people too inhibited, too ignorant or too fearful to provide their own, well—- we think wistfully of some self-imposed standards of taste.
We also realize, flatly and realistically, that too much license in this stuff is going to bring on a wave of public reaction which may impose a sure-enough censorship—making the standards of the 1940s and 1950s look liberal.
Now obviously the field of homosexual literature is going to place a certain emphasis on the sexual problems of humanity which will be quantitatively greater than that of—say—the Western novel, or the detective story. Sex alone has not been made an excuse for consigning any novel to the trashbin. If the treatment is honest, the characters even remotely believable and the purpose of the book seems reasonably genuine, then the quantity of sex is purely a matter for the author’s discretion; and be it much, as in the works of March Hastings, Artemis Smith or Henry Miller, or little, as in Iris Murdoch’s delicate and subtle THE BELL, or Shirley Jackson’s THE HAUNTING OF HILL HOUSE,—- we give the book judgment only on its merits as a book.
However, in self-defense, we have had to find a way to dispose of the more repetitive rubbish. Allowing for differences in taste, and granting that many people like their books well-spiced, if there is a reasonably well-written story along with the sex we have called it “Evening waster”—on the grounds that it may very well provide pleasant entertainment for anyone not a hopeless prude. But if the story is just a peg on which to hang up a lot of poorly written, gamy erotic episodes, with no literary value, and just evasive enough to keep the printer out of jail, then we have given it short shrift with the abbreviation“scv”—which cryptic letters are editorial shorthand for “Short Course in Voyeurism”—and have been the basis of a lot of jokes in the tedious business of passing reviews around the editorial staff (The junior and senior editors live a thousand miles apart and have never met; the others who occasionally contribute reviews are scattered from Alabama to Oregon.). So we have to have some fun in the endless correspondence—and “scv”books are fair game.
Regrettably, we are well aware that some people are going to use this designation in precisely the opposite fashion than we intended—- go through the list picking out the sexy books and carefully avoiding the others. Well—we shan’t spoil your fun. Each to her own taste, as the old lady said when she kissed the cow.
We wish here to give some slight acknowledgment to all those who, over the years since the initiation of this endeavor, have contributed overlooked titles, pointed out our errors, sent comments, criticisms and sometimes cash, laboriously tracked down elusive data, worked as unpaid researchers and stencil-cutters, and in general helped us to feel we were not working in a vacuum.
Special acknowledgments are due to Dr. Jeannette Howard Foster, unfailingly generous and gracious in allowing us to pick her brains; to Leslie Laird Winston, of the Winston Book Service; to the editors of THE LADDER, Del Martin in particular, for helping us to publicize our Checklist, and for allowing us to use reviews run in the Lesbiana column; to Forrest Ackerman, for endless help and encouragement; and to Kerry Dame, whose generous gift of stamps proved invaluable to the heavy load of correspondence necessary to keep this one-woman publishing house rolling. And to all those others, anonymous by choice, who have sent small gifts of cash and stamps, turned up elusive paperbacks for me in news-standless West Texas, contributed reviews and data, and, above all, provided cheer and encouraging support. We hope this Checklist is half as much fun for you to read as it was for us—all things considered—to prepare.
And here at the end I take off my editorial “We” for a special, personal THANK YOU to my collaborator and co-editor, GENE DAMON.
And now, until the first Supplement time, it’s time to turn the Checklist over to you. Comments and criticisms are invited.
Marion Z Bradley
List of Symbols and Abbreviations
paperbacked original; first published in paperback or first English edition in paperback.
no date listed or date unknown.
quality paperback book (as, Grove Press or Vintage).
title changed to (as, Torchlight to Valhalla, pbr tct The Strange Path).
for completists only; variant content either extremely slight or problematical.
before a title indicates a book of considerable value. Occasionally used to call attention to a fine new release or the discovery of an old title overlooked in previous bibliographies. In general, the plus sign has been reserved for books of honest purpose, sincere if not always entirely favorable treatment of the homosexual theme, and some genuine literary merit. In one or two cases, a plus has been given to a book of little intrinsic worth because of some major and exceptional contribution to thought on the variant theme; or to an occasional book for being extremely good entertainment of its kind, even if no masterpiece. We have tried to avoid including only our favorites.
indicates a novel concerned mostly with male homosexuality. A very large proportion of such novels, however, contain some discussion of female variance, or lesbian characters, as well.
By at your own risk ... either no accurate data is available or the editors find themselves in hopeless disagreement about its relevance.
Waster—good solid entertainment and reasonably well-written, though worthless as literature.
see editorial for complete discussion of this term. This is the literary ghetto, the gutter books, the commercialized sex trash as distinguished from honest erotic realism.
THE COMPLETE, CUMULATIVE CHECKLIST OF LESBIAN FICTION
ACKWORTH, ROBERT C. The Moments Between. pbo, Hillman Books 1959. Characters in a college novel include an instructor—male—who is homosexual, very sympathetically portrayed. Also a subtle, but sympathetic attachment between an unlovely, unloved student and an older woman; the relationship is shown as constructive for both in the end.
+ ADAMS, FAY. Appointment in Paris. pbo, N. Y., Gold Medal 1952. An American girl in Paris has a brief affair with a French woman and is thereby enabled to break the hold of her old-maid aunt. She later marries.
ADDAMS, KAY. Queer Patterns. pbo, Beacon, 1959. scv. Trashy shocker about young Nora Card, who briefly forsakes her boy friend, Roger, for a corrupt lesbian employer.
Warped Desires. pbo, Beacon, 1960. scv. Teenage Doris goes to a boarding school and is seduced by everyone on the premises, male and female.
ALDRICH, ANN (pseud.)
We Too Must Love. pbo Gold Medal 1958.
We Walk Alone. pbo, Gold Medal 1955.
Non-fiction studies of the lesbian world, highly subjective, mostly vignettes of gay life in and around Greenwich Village, with some added data about the manners, customs and language of the “gay” world. Good reading, if somewhat biased.
see also VIN PACKER
ALEXANDER, DAVID. Madhouse in Washington Square. Lippincott, 1958. Mystery novel of high quality, introducing a pair of lesbians for window-dressing.
ANDERSON, HELEN. Pity for Women. N. Y., Doubleday, 1937. An unhappy and tense relationship among three women, inhabitants of a women’s residence club in New York.
ANDERSON, SHERWOOD. Dark Laughter. N. Y., Boni & Liveright, 1925, pbr Pocket Books, 1952. Very slight.
Poor White; N. Y., B. W. Huebsch, 1920, hcr in The Portable Sherwood Anderson, qpb Viking Press P42. In the course of a novel about the rise of a “shantytown boy’s” rise to prosperity, there is a brief but extremely sympathetic portrait of the lesbian, Kate Chancellor; the hero’s wife, Clara, is briefly captivated by Kate during her college days.8
ANDREYA, GUY. Tormented Venus. N. Y. Key Pub. Co 1958. scv.
ANONYMOUS. Adam and Two Eves. Macauley Co, N. Y., 1934, pbr Beacon Books 1956. Evening waster. Neurotically heartbroken woman mourning her dead lover becomes entangled with a married woman because a woman’s love does not constitute infidelity to the dead; once initiated she becomes entangled in a long affair a trois, from which she is eventually extricated (somewhat the worse for wear) by a man she later marries.
ANTHOLZ, PEYSON. All Shook Up. pbo, Ace Books, 1958, (m). Alan, small-town teen-age rowdy, fights against his friendship with newcomer Howard Sirche, because it is rumored that Howard, who avoids women, is homosexual. Very good of its kind.
ANTON, CAL. The Private Life of a Strip Tease Girl. pbo, Beacon 1959, scv. Just what it sounds like. Among her many“affairs” is a brief episode with another girl.
ASQUITH, CYNTHIA. “The Lovely Voice”. ss, in This Mortal Coil. Arkham House, Sauk City, Wisconsin. Fantasy, 1947
BAKER, DENYS VAL. A Journey With Love. Bridgehead Books, 1955, pbr Crest Books 1956. fco. The hero’s first marriage fails because of his wife’s insistence that a woman friend shall share their home. Nothing is explicit.
BAKER, DOROTHY. Trio. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co, 1943, hcr Sun Dial 1945, pbr Penguin Books 1946. Tells of the captivation of a young woman by an unscrupulous literary agent who also happens to be a lesbian. Highly defamatory.
Young Man with A Horn. Boston; Houghton Mifflin, 1938, pbr Signet 1953. Very minor lesbian incident in a jazz novel.
+ BALDWIN, JAMES. Giovanni’s Room. Dial 1956, pbr Signet 1959, (m). An American boy in Paris fights against his affair with a young Italian, Giovanni; his fear and resistance to this relationship leads to separation, tragedy and their separate destruction. A powerful, tender and tragic book.
BALDWIN, MONICA. The Called and the Chosen. Farrar, Straus &Cudahy, N. Y., 1957, pbr Signet 1958. A good study of repression and frustration in convent life, containing passim the story of Sister Helena, novice-mistress; although her behavior was strictly correct even for a nun, she once inspired such violent passions in her juniors that she was removed from this office. The heroine refers to Sister Helena, after her death, as “the one human being I ever loved”.9
BALZAC, HONORE DE. Cousin Bette. Classic; many standard editions and translations. The story of a neurotic spinster’s half-realised passion for a woman friend.
The Girl with the Golden Eyes. Many standard editions and translations, including; pbr Avon Books 1957, (trans. Ernest Dowson.) Shocker of the 19th century, dealing with the passion of the Chevalier de Marsay for a strange, unspoilt girl, Paquita—who is virtually enslaved to a sinister lesbian Countess.
Seraphita. London, J.W. Dent & Sons, 1897; also as above. A romance of an angelic hermaphrodite. All of these are classics of world literature, as well as the literature of variance, and are apt to be available even in small libraries.
+ BANNON, ANN.
Odd Girl Out. pbo, Gold Medal, 1957, 1960.
I am a Woman. pbo, Gold Medal, 1959.
Women in the Shadows. pbo, Gold Medal, 1959.
These three form a single, connected narrative, although any of the three novels can be read as a self-contained story. The first volume introduces the heroine of the series, Laura Landon, at college; where, in undergoing an affair with her room-mate, lovely but frigid Beth, she discovers her homosexuality. Softened by the affair, Beth marries, and Laura runs away. In the second book, Laura, in Greenwich Village, is sharing an apartment, with Marcie, a divorcee, entirely “straight” who plays Laura along strictly for kicks; Laura suffers under this treatment for a long time, then runs away again to shack up with a butch-type Village character, Beebo. In the third book, Laura and Beebo have been living together for two years; Laura is tiring of this lengthy affair and cheats on Beebo with a colored dancer named Tris, while Beebo, to win Laura back, resorts to such trickery as staging a phony “rape” ... inflicting wounds on herself in search of sympathy. Tiring of this life, Laura runs away again, this, time to marry a male homosexual friend, Jack, in a search for stability and permanence. The whole story invites comparison with Weiraugh’s THE SCORPION: homosexuality per se is not attacked, but the drawbacks of the life, and the dangers and difficulties to anyone trying to adjust him-or-herself to that life, are frankly and brutally delineated; there is a pervasive air of dissatisfaction, or resignation, and gradual withdrawal; and the ending of the third book is unsatisfactory and hardly complete. Nevertheless, the impact of these books, particularly when read all together, is considerable; Miss Bannon’s grasp of character, technique and construction improve with each novel. Despite wild improbabilities and gimmicky, contrived situations, these are perhaps the major contribution to lesbian literature in the paperback field anywhere.10
+ BARNES, DJUNA. “Dusie”, ss in American Esoterica, NY, Macy-Masius, 1927. This collection also contains short stories of (m) interest.
Nightwood. N. Y., Harcourt 1937, her New Directions n. d. A well-known and excellent lesbian novel laid in Paris.
+ BARR, JAMES. Derricks. NY, Greenberg 1951, (m) hcr Pan, 1957. Although those short stories all deal with male homosexuality, their coherent, fresh and constructive philosophy make this a book of primary importance for every reader.
Quatrefoil. N. Y., Greenberg, 1950, (m).
Game of Fools. ONE, 1954, 1955.
BARRY, JEROME. Malignant Stars. N. Y., Doubleday, 1960. Signe, a handsome Valkyrie-type girl, is found dead, and the note beside her body is apparently a love letter from her roommate Lyn; the suspicion that Lyn is her lover and murderer forms the main theme of the plot. Well done.
BAUM, VICKI. Theme for Ballet. N. Y., Doubleday 1958, pbr Dell 1959, (m). Minor but excellent.
The Mustard Seed. Dial 1953, pbr Pyramid 1956 (m minor).
BEER, THOMAS. Mrs Egg and Other Barbarians. Knopf, 1933. Rarer than hen’s teeth—lesbian humor.
BELLAMANN, HENRY. King’s Row. N. Y., Simon & Schuster, 1940, (m).
BELOT, ADOLPHE. Mademoiselle Giraud, My Wife. Paris, Dentu 1870, Chicago, Laird & Lee 1891. The wife remains a“miss”, refusing her husband’s approaches because of her attachment to another woman. Typically the husband drowns this monstrous creature (other woman) during an ostensible seaside rescue.
BENNETT, ARNOLD. Elsie and the Child. N. Y., Doran, 1924.“Common sense” treatment of an attachment between Elsie the housemaid, and a girl of twelve, which subsides when the little girl is sent to school.
The Pretty Lady. N. Y., Doran 1918. A subtle picture of indirect variance between two women in wartorn Paris.
BERKMAN, SYLVIA. Blackberry Wilderness. N. Y., Doubleday, 1959. Esoteric, melancholy, beautifully written short stories, of which two are overtly lesbian in content.
BERTIN, SYLVIA. The Last Innocence. (Trans. by Marjorie Dean). N. Y. McGraw Hill, 1955. Story of Paula, a member of a French provincial family. “The refreshing thing is that Paula is treated as a matter of course ... that she wears trousers, hates men, etc. is presented with no more excuse or explanation than the individual foibles of the rest of the family.”11
BESTER, ALFRED. Who He? N. Y., Doubleday 1955, pbr Berkley 1956, (m) tct. The Rat Race. Tense, tightly plotted novel of split personality. The hero’s housemate is a deeply sublimated homosexual who cracks up when Jake gets a girl; this episode snaps the high pitch of tightrope tension and precipitates the denouement of the novel. Excellent.
BISHOP, LEONARD. Creep Into thy Narrow Bed. Dial 1954, pbr Pyramid 1956. Story of a vicious abortion racket; woven into the story is the sympathetically treated story of a young lesbian’s self-realization. Very good of kind.
BODIN, PAUL. All Woman’s Flesh (trans. from the French of Le Voyage Sentimental, by Lowell Bair.) pbo Berkley 1957.
The Sign of Eros (trans. from French) Putnam 1953, pbr Berkley 1955.
Both of these involve a man’s attachment to two women who have some homosexual contact, but the emphasis is heterosexual, rather than lesbian.
BOLTON, ISABEL. “Ruth and Irma”, ss in The New Yorker, Jan 26, 1947; also in Donald Webster Cory’s 21 Variations on a Theme.
BOTTOME, PHYLLIS. Jane. Vanguard, 1957. Story of a street urchin, including lesbian episodes in a girl’s reformatory.
BOURDET, EDOUARD. The Captive. N. Y., Brentano’s 1926. Drama based on a triangle—man, wife, and a woman who is winning the affections of the latter.
BOURJAILY, VANCE. The End of My Life. Scribner’s 1947, pbr Bantam 1952, (m).
The Violated. Dial 1958, pbr Bantam 1959, (m).
The Hound of Earth. Scribner 1955, pbr Permabooks, 1956, (m). Also includes a minor, and unsympathetic lesbian character.
BOWEN, ELIZABETH. The Hotel. N. Y. Dial 1928. A shy young girl sent to catch a husband at a fashionable hotel is, instead, captivated by a sophisticated woman.
BOWLES, JANE. Two Serious Ladies. N. Y.. Knopf, 1943. The emancipation of an inhibited American housewife.
BOYLE, KAY. “The Bridegroom’s Body” ss in The Crazy Hunter, Harcourt 1938, 1940. Also qpb, Beacon Press, 1958, (m).
Gentlemen, I Address you Privately. NY, Smith 1933, (m).
Monday Night. N. Y. Harcourt 1938, her New Directions. n.d. Brief account of a lesbian affair through the eyes of a child.
BRADLEY, MARION Z. “Centaurus Changeling” in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, April, 1954. Science Fiction novel; intensely emotional relationship between three wives of alien bureaucrat leads to jealousy and12tragedy when the eldest, Cassiana, takes an outsider into their home and makes a favorite of her.
The Planet Savers, in Amazing Stories, Dec. 1958, (m). Science fiction of split personality, one equivocally homosexual.
BRAND, MAX. (pseud of Frederick Faust). The Night Horseman.G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1920, hcr Dodd, Mead 1952, pbr Pocket Books 1954, (m). Unusual Western story of a strange cowboy who has an almost supernatural influence on horses and other men; his foster father mysteriously declines when he leaves, makes a miraculous recovery when he returns home. Subtle and good of its kind.
BRINIG, MYRON. The Looking Glass Heart. Sagamore, 1958. One lesbian episode, treated vaguely. (Minority report says that nevertheless it is so clearly and well done that the book is worth anyone’s reading.)
BRITAIN, SLOAN. The Needle. pbo Beacon Books, 1959. Overly contrived shocker about Gina, a young girl who falls simultaneously into narcotics, lesbianism, prostitution and the hands of a weird couple dabbling in incest. Evening waster, rather better than most but leaves a bitter taste.
+ First Person, Third Sex. pbo Newsstand.Library 1959. Very well-written novel of Paula Harman, young school-teacher coming to terms with her life as a lesbian through bitter experience. Don’t let the lurid paperback covers and blurb scare you off, this is a NOVEL—well worth hard covers and a steal at 35¢.
BROCK, LILYAN. Queer Patterns. Greenberg 1935, pbr Avon 1951, 1952. Purple-patched sloppily sentimental tale of Sheila, beautiful young actress with a perfect husband who nevertheless loses her heart to Nicoli, a stereotype lesbian complete with tuxedo. They part to avoid gossip and live unhappily ever after.
BROMFIELD, LOUIS. The Rains Came. N. Y. Collier 1937, pbr Bantam 1952. In a long novel of India there is a brief but important episode involving two old missionary ladies. The elder, an engaging old battleax, muses as she tucks the younger and sillier into bed that her friend had never understood why they had been driven out of the school where they had, as young girls, been teaching. Ironically, the nice old grim one is killed in a flood while the silly one remains to pester everybody.
Mister Smith, Harper, 1951; no pbr oh record, but your editor has owned one—perhaps an “Armed Forces” edition? (m). Four men, marooned on a desert island in WW2.13
+ BROPHY, BRIGID. King of a Rainy Country. Knopf. 1957. Poignant novel of a young girl who lives with Neale, a young male homosexual, out of wedlock. They both become enamored with a portrait of Cynthia, a girl out of the childhood of the heroine....
BROWN, WENZELL. Prison Girl. pbo, Pyramid, 1958. One of many books documenting in painful detail the abuses prevalent in the women’s prison system, with special attention to the undeniable fact that the system breeds various sexual aberrations. A few of these books are excellent. This one isn’t.
BROWNRIGG, GAWEN. Star Against Star. N. Y., Macaulay, 1936. Story of a girl conditioned from childhood to lesbian affairs, first by an overly seductive mother, then by a school friend. The book has the doom-ridden atmosphere of its day, and is emotional and somewhat over-written.
BURNS, VINCENT G. Female Convict. Macaulay 1934, pbr Pyramid 1959. More women in prison and the unfortunate relationships developing among them.
BURT, STRUTHERS. Entertaining the Islanders. N. Y. Scribners, 1933. Sophisticated, satirical, novel in which a man becomes aware that his ex-sweetheart has been captivated by another woman.
+ BUSSY, DOROTHY. Olivia. (by Olivia). Wm. Sloane Associates, 1949, Berkley pbr 1955, 1957, 1958, 1959. An English schoolgirl, sent to boarding school in Paris, becomes an unwitting third party to a long-standing affair between Julie and Cara, the two schoolmistresses. Julie’s response to the girl, and Cara’s jealousy, and suicide, form the main events of the story, which is told with delicate restraint, after a retrospect of many years, as Olivia, now herself a lesbian, has come to understand the procession of events.
CAIN, JAMES M. Serenade. Knopf 1937, pbr Signet ca. 1953, (m).
CAINE, HALL. The Bondsman. R.F. Fenno & Co., ca. 1890; other editions available, frequently very cheap secondhand. Called a “Modern Saga”, this is laid in 18th-Century Iceland. Two half-brothers, Jason the Red and Michael Sunlocks, sons of the same man by different mothers, grow up knowing of one another’s existence, but unknown to each other personally. Through a series of saga-like coincidences, they fall in love with the same woman, and are eventually exiled together to the sulphur mines—Iceland’s prison colony—still unaware of each other’s real identity. There Jason undergoes a psychological and emotional upheaval which can only be described as “falling in love” with Michael, who is still known to him only as Prisoner A-25, not as his hated brother. This story is probably more explicit, emotionally, than14anything written before the 20th century and the freedom given by Freud to the emotions of novelists. Recommended.
The Deemster. Rand McNally, 1888, Chicago; D. Appleton, 1888; numerous other editions. (m). A glorified friendship between two cousins ends in murder.
CALDWELL, ERSKINE. Tragic Ground. Little, Brown & Co, 1944, pbr Signet 1948, fco.
CAPOTE, TRUMAN. Breakfast at Tiffany’s. Random House 1958, pbr Signet 1959. In the story of a promiscuous, rather pathetic girl, a sadistic lesbian neighbor brings on violent events. Everything very subtle and indirect.
Other Voices, Other Rooms. Random House 1948, pbr Signet 1959. Young boy slowly falling under the influence of a decadent uncle who is a transvestite. Macabre.
CARCO, FRANCIS. Depravity. pbo Berkley 1957.
Infamy. pbo Berkley 1958.
Both, of these books hint at lesbianism on the cover blurbs, but are, rather, highly risque French novels with brief, irrelevant and heterosexually oriented contact between women characters strictly for voyeuristic effect.
CARPENTER, EDWARD. Iolaus; an Anthology of Friendship. N. Y., Albert & Charles Boni, 1935, (m). Listed as “the first of its kind” this is said also to be “very vague and old-fashioned.”
+ CASAL, MARY. The Stone Wall. An Autobiography. Chicago, Eyncourt, Press, 1930. In casual, conversational and entirely frank form, a woman born in 1865 (and therefore, at the time of writing, in her sixties) tells the story of her entire life as a lesbian. With the exception of “slightly autobiographical”—and always greatly disguised—fiction, this is probably the earliest such memoir in the literature. The writing is highly competent and professional, (subtly denying the author’s insistence that she was not a writer;) and filled with most interesting revelations about the lesbian world of New York and Paris at the turn of this century. Unfortunately the book is rare and expensive, but it stands alone as a classic of its kind.
CHAMALES, TOM T. Go Naked in the World. N. Y. Scribners 1959. Nick Stratton, wounded veteran, returns to find that his girl friend is a call-girl and a lesbian.
CHANDLER, RAYMOND. The Big Sleep. Knopf 1939, pbr Pocket Books 1950, and others. (m) The bizarre murder of a homosexual hoodlum, and the interrogation of his boy friend, form important sequences in this hard-boiled murder mystery.15
CHEEVER, JOHN. “Clancy in the Tower of Babel”, ss in The Enormous Radio, Funk 1953, pbr Berkley 1958, (m).
+ CHRISTIAN, PAULA. The Edge of Twilight. pbo Crest 1959. Airline stewardess Val, in an alcoholic haze, allows herself to make love to a young girl friend, Toni. Fearing her own response to this “abnormal” love, she redoubles her promiscuous sleeping-around, but the girls end up together. The treatment, though sensational, is honest and constructive; the book will win no literary prizes, but whatever the reader’s sympathies and prejudices, he will approve the stand that happy adjustment to love and affection—even homosexual—is a more constructive solution than promiscuity. Very good of its kind.
CHRISTIE, AGATHA. A Murder is Announced. Dodd, Mead 1950, fco. Suspects include a pair of problematical lesbians.
CLARK, DORENE. The Exotic Affair. Magnet Books, 1959, scv.“I really think this one should be Maggot Books,” wrote my reviewer. “One of those fastmoving sloppy jobs where two men and two women on an exotic cruise complete with mis-spelled and misapplied foreign phrases spend most of their time trying all of the printable and some of the unprintable variations on an old old theme. All sex and no sentiment makes Jack and Jill sickening (and the reviewer sick) or, for that matter, Jack and Jack or Jill and Jill.”
+ CLAYTON, JOHN. Dew in April. Kendall & Sharpe, 1935. Romance of the Middle Ages, laid in the Convent of St. Lazarus of the Butterflies. Dolores, a homeless vagabond, is given shelter by Mother Leonor, a mystic, repressed, white-hot and deeply tender woman whose passionate emotional attachments to her young novices are never explicit but pervade the entire book. Much of the story is concerned with a subtle, sweet and innocently sensual blossoming of adolescent emotions into homo-erotic form under the pressures of convent life; the interplay of delicate love relationships between Dolores, Mother Leonor, and the young novices Dezirada and Clarisse, and their fluctuation between despair, self-sacrifice and compassionate love when Dolores finds a knightly lover, Pedro, is probably unmatched in studies of feminine variance.
Gold of Toulouse. Kendall & Sharpe, 1935. Sequel toDew in April, but laid chronologically six or seven years earlier. Though mostly concerned with the adventures of Don Marcos, the Spanish knight, it also tells the story of Leonor, and shows the beginning of her relationship with Dezirada.
CLIFTON, BUD. Muscle Boy. pbo Ace Books, 1958, (m). Teen-age athlete inveigled into posing for dirty pictures. Good evening waster.
COLE, JERRY. Secrets of a Society Doctor. Greenberg, 1935. pbr Universal Publishing & Distributing, ca. 1953, (m).16
+ COLEMAN, LONNIE. Ship’s Company. Little, Brown & Co, 1955, pbr Dell, 1957. Collection of short stories, of which two are homosexual.
Sam. David McKay, 1959, pbr Pyramid, 1960, (m). Major, excellent, important. Don’t waste time reading reviews, just go out and buy it.
Claudine at School.
Claudine in Paris.
The Indulgent Husband (in The Short Novels of Colette).“Bella Vista” in The Tender Shoot.“Gitanette” in Music Hall Sidelights.
All of these are currently in print in excellent, uniform English translation of the standard “Fleuron” edition of Colette’s complete works, from Farrar, Straus & Cudahy, of recent date. The two “Claudine” novels have had recent Avon pbr editions under the titles of Diary of a 15 Year Old French Girl, and Claudine.
Much of the work of this important French novelist was variant. Only the most explicit are named above. The first three form a connected narrative, telling of Claudine’s school crushes, her friendship with a male-homosexual cousin, and her “indulgent husband” who connives at her lesbian affair with a woman friend, in order to enjoy it secondhand. “Bella Vista” tells of a vacation spent, at a hotel managed by two middle-aged lesbians; the narrator’s fascinated interest in the couple vanishes when one of the“ladies” turns out to be, actually, a disguised man.
CONNOLLY, CYRIL. The Rock Pool. Scribner 1936, her New Directions n. d. Very well written novel of a group of expatriates in the South of France. Nearly all are homosexuals; the story is told without comment or judgment.
CONSTANTINE, MURRAY, and Margaret Goldsmith. Venus in Scorpio.John Lane, 1940. Heavily fictionalized biography, (erroneously listed elsewhere as a novel) of Marie Antoinette, suggesting lesbianism in her adolescence.
+ CORY, DONALD WEBSTER. 21 Variations on a Theme. N. Y., Greenberg 1953. The classic anthology of short stories about homosexuals; four deal with feminine variance.
COUPEROUS, LOUIS. The Comedians, N. Y. Doran 1926. Variant couple in a novel of Imperial Rome.
COURAGE, JAMES. A Way of Love. G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1959, (m).
COWLIN, DOROTHY. Winter Solstice. Macmillan, 1943. A brief variant relationship proves beneficial to a hysterical invalid.17
CRADOCK, PHYLLIS. Gateway to Remembrance. Andrew Dakers, London 1950. fco. Very brief mention of a lesbian couple in a sappy metaphysical novel about Lost Atlantis.
CRAIG, JONATHAN. Case of the Village Tramp. pbo Gold Medal 1959. Fast, well-written mystery introduces a pair of lesbians among the suspects; good entertainment.
+ CRAIGIN, ELISABETH. Either is Love. Harcourt, Brace, 1937, pbr Lion Books, 1952, 1956, Pyramid 1960. After the death of her husband the narrator re-reads the letters she had written him about her intense love affair with another woman. Almost unequalled treatment of a lesbian romance.
CREAL, MARGARET. A Lesson in Love. Simon & Schuster 1957. A Canadian orphan’s passion for a beautiful schoolmate ends in disillusion when the older girl, Tammy, tries to force Nicola into a distasteful affair with a boy, the better to deceive her mother about a similar affair of her own.
CROUZAT, HENRI. The Island at the End of the World. Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1959. An ex-schoolteacher, Patrice, is marooned on a sub-Antarctic island with three nurses; Joan, a nymphomanic; Victoria, a lesbian, and Kathleen, a quite ordinary girl. Due to fortuitous circumstances, they manage to assure themselves the necessities of life, and between Robinson-Crusoe-ish struggles, embark on a round of excesses gradually diminished by the horrible deaths of Kathleen, then Victoria. Fascinating, slightly macabre.
+ CUSHING, MARY WATKINS. The Rainbow Bridge. G P Putnam’s Sons, 1954. This book is included for the light it sheds on another novel in this list, Marcia Davenport’s Of Lena Geyer, and not for the sake of any impertinent conclusions about the real people involved. Mrs. Cushing served for seven years as companion and buffer against the world for the famous prima donna, Olive Fremstad, and Mme. Fremstad’s reclusive, fantastically disciplined personality seems to have served, at least in part, as model for Lena Geyer. At any rate, both books become more interesting when read together.
DANE, CLEMENCE. (pseud. of Winifred Ashton); Regiment of Women. Macmillan, 1917. Possibly the earliest novel of variance. A lengthy book of the subtle sadism of the domineering headmistress of a girl’s school.
DARIUS, MICHEL. I, Sappho of Lesbos. Castle Books, May 1960. Supposedly translated from a Medieval Latin manuscript conveniently lost on the Andrea Doria. In first-person, this weaves the better-known traditions about Sappho into a racy, fast-moving novel. The lesbian content is not emphasized,18unduly. Writing-wise, this invites comparison with the work of Pierre Louys. The “scholarship” is completely tongue-in-cheekish, of course, as with the Songs of Bilitis. In general, this should prove the Title of the Year for those who wonder why they don’t write like Pierre Louys anymore. (Department of Unpaid Advertising; this one can NOW be ordered through Winston Book Service; see Appendix.)
DAVENPORT, MARCIA. Of Lena Geyer. Scribner, 1936. Well-known novel of the life of an opera singer. Lena has a young satellite and adorer, but Elsie is careful to say that while “gossip has had many cruel things to say of this friendship ... there was, needless to say, not a word of truth in the essential accusation.” The two women remain together, even after Lena’s marriage, until her death.
DAVEY, WILLIAM. Dawn Breaks the Heart. Howell Soskin & Co, 1941. A lengthy episode involves the sensitive hero’s elopement with Vivian, an irresponsible girl who turns out to be a lesbian and leaves him for another woman. Excellent.
DAVIES, RHYS. “Orestes”, ss in The Trip to London. N. Y. Howell Soskin & Co, 1946. A lesbian manages to free the protagonist of a mother-complex, because her attitude is free of feminine seductiveness.
+ DAVIS, FITZROY. Quicksilver. Harcourt, Brace, 1942. Hilarious novel of the theatre, supposedly based on actual personalities recognizable to the initiate; my reviewer wrote that some theatrical people “literally turn purple at the mere mention of this book ... most real pro actors detest portrayal of homosexuality in theatre fiction, bad publicity and all that ... can’t say I blame them much.”
DAY, MAX. So Nice, So Wild. pbo, Stanley Library Inc, 1959. Evening waster; an impossibly complicated murder-story plot with a hero who, trying to prove he didn’t murder his own uncle, is pestered by all sorts of girls crawling into his bunk, blondes, brunettes and a few lesbians trying hard to convert themselves to heterosexuality. Funny, real fun.
DEAN, RALPH. One Kind of Woman. pbo, Beacon, 1959. Evening waster.
Forbidden Thrills. pbo Bedtime Books 1959. Scv.
—and Jay Arpage; Non Stop Flight, Brookwood 1958.
—and Cleo Dorene; Fountain of Youth, Brookwood 1958.
—and Arthur Maurier; Wicked Curves, Brookwood 1958.
—and Les Maxime; Eye Lust, Brookwood 1959.
—and Les Maxime; The Golden Nymph, Brookwood 1958.
These are all hardcover risque novels retailing for about $3 in bookstores which deal in that sort of thing for the adult trade only; I don’t know, not being a postal inspector, whether they19can legally be sent through the U S Mails. On the whole I would think not. They are all fairly well written for books of their kind, amusing and entertaining, and bear about the same relationship to the paperback scv—evening wasters that ESQUIRE does to the average cheaper girly magazine. They are, however, strictly for a male audience; the “lesbian”content in all of them is presented from a strip-tease point of view and in every case the girl involved is “cured” of this perversion by male seduction—in some cases, by brutality. The plot of Non Stop Flight is typical; hero Eric Leighton discovers his wife dallying with a lesbian, so he beats up and rapes the lesbian (juicily described) whereupon his wife commits suicide. Then Eric gets involved with Celia, a stereotype “dish” with an ineffectual husband; when Celia tires of him he beats her up and rapes her (juicily described) then runs across the lesbian who has seduced his wife andCelia, so he beats her up and rapes her again (juicily described) after which Eric and the lesbian get married and live very happily forever after. I don’t know precisely what to call these books, but lesbiana is hardly descriptive. You have been warned.
DEISS, JAY. The Blue Chips. Simon & Schuster 1957, pbr Bantam 1958. fco. In an excellent novel of medical laboratory workers, a very very minor lesbian character.
DE FORREST, MICHAEL. The Gay Year. N. Y., Woodford Press, 1949, (m). Happily untypical of this publisher’s racy trash, this story of a young man searching for self-knowledge in New York’s Bohemias is very good of its’ kind.
DELL, FLOYD. Diana Stair. Farrar & Rinehart, 1932. Long novel of the early 19th century. Diana is a woman writer, but also explores life as mill-girl, school-teacher and abolitionist. Though attracted to, and attractive to men, she is never without “some older woman to adore and emulate, or some younger woman to teach and inspire.”Delightful, ironic novel of the trouble women can get into when they refuse to fall neatly into the ruts laid down by conventional society for women’s lives.
DE MEJO, OSCAR. Diary of a Nun. pbo Pyramid 1955. Just what it sounds like—fictional diary of a young girl in a convent warding off scandalous advances. Mediocre.
+ DENNIS, NIGEL FORBES. Cards of Identity. Vanguard, 1955. Hilarious novel of confused identity, dealing with both male and female homosexuality.
DES CARS, GUY. The Damned One. pbo Pyramid, 1956. A member of French aristocracy, ambiguously sexed enough to be classified as female at birth, grows up unequivocally male but retains the name, dress and character of a female to avoid scandal—which comes anyhow when shecarries on with an eccentric Englishwoman.20
DEUTSCH, DEBORAH. The Flaming Heart. Boston, Bruce Humphries, 1959, (m).
Acapulco Nocturne. Vixen Press, 1952.
Cheating Wives. Beacon pbo 1959 (copyright 1955).
Fire and Ice. Vixen Press, 1952.
Golf Widow. Vixen Press, 1953.
Lovers and Madmen. Vixen Press 1952.
Madame Big. Vixen Press 1953.
Moon Kissed. Green Farms, Conn. Modern Pubs 1957, Vixen Press 1953, pbr tct Forbidden PleasuresBeacon Books 1959.
Too Many Women. Vixen(?) 1953, Beacon pbr 1959.
These are all the same sort of thing, evening wasters or scv, depending on taste. Big handsome men of incredible stamina, engaging incessantly in that one activity besides which all else, is as naught, with a succession of beautiful women, blonde, brunette and redhead. Now and then this procession of affairs is varied a little by letting the girls sport with one another to give the heroes a breathing spell. In short sexy books for people who like reading sexy books. Adults only, please.
DE VOTO, BERNARD. Mountain Time. Little, Brown & Co 1946—47, fco. One very brief overt lesbian episode.
DE VRIES, PETER. The Tents of Wickedness. Little, Brown & Co, 1959, Minor episode in a very funny literary satire—Army colonel who talks pure Hemingway turns out to be a WAC in disguise.
DIBNER, MARTIN. The Deep Six. Doubleday 1953, pbr Permabooks 1957, (m).
DIDEROT, DENIS. Memoirs of a Nun. (trans from French by Frances Birrell). London, Rutledge & Sons 1928, hcr London, Elek Books, Book Centre Ltd, N. Circular Road, Neasdon, London, N. T. 10, England. Classic French novelLa Religieuse, written in 1760, published in 1796, Reflects the very bitter anti-clerical sentiment of the times just before the Revolution. A “cornerstone” title.
DINESEN, ISAK. Seven Gothic Tales. N. Y., Smith & Haas, 1943, hcr Modern Library n.d.
“The Invincible Slave Owners”, ss in A Winter’s Tales, Random House 1942.
DIXON, CLARISSA. Janet and her dear Phebe. Stokes, 1909. Girls story of two loving little chums, separated by a misunderstanding between their families, and re-united as women. Though never explicit, the story is emotional and intense. It is highly unlikely the author was quite, aware of the type of attachment she was portraying.21
DJEBAR, ASSIA. The Mischief. Simon & Schuster 1958, pbr Avon 1959 tct Nadia. Very brief but well-written novel of a young girl who falls in love with a former schoolgirl friend, now married.
+ DONISTHORPE, SHEILA. Loveliest of Friends, Claude Kendall 1931, pbr Berkley 1956, 1957, 1958, due for another. Boyish Kim captivates young happy-housewife Audrey and wrecks her life. Preachy outburst against lesbians toward the end. Read it with a hanky handy. (Curiously enough, in spite of the anti-lesbian bias of the ending, and the overdone sentimentality of the Swinburnian writing, everybody seems to enjoy this one—all the Checklist editors included.)
DOWD, HARRISON. The Night Air. Dial Press, 1950, (m).
DRESSER, DAVID. Mardigras Madness. Godwin 1934. One lesbian episode in an evening waster about Carnival.
DRUON, MAURICE. The Rise of Simon Lachaume. Dutton, 1952; hcr as part of the trilogy The Curtain Falls, Scribner 1960. One episode in lengthy novel of a French family involves the duping of an elderly roue by a pair of young lesbians.
+ DU MAURIER, ANGELA. The Little Legs. Doubleday, 1941. Sad and devastating results from a long variant enslavement.“This is a lovely book if you enjoy crying, and I do,” says one reviewer.
Justine. N. Y., Dutton, 1957.
Balthazar. N. Y., Dutton, 1958, (m).
Mountolive. N. Y., Dutton, 1959, (m).
Clea. N. Y. Dutton, 1960. The last volume of now-famous tetralogy, just released, winds up all of the loose ends of the other three. The lesbian element is minor, but all four novels are excellent.
EICHRODT, JOHN. “Nadia Devereaux”, ss in Sextet, ed by Whit & Hallie Burnett. N. Y., McKay Co. 1951.
EISNER, SIMON. (pseud of Cyril Kornbluth). The Naked Storm. pbo, Lion Library, 1952, 1956. Mixed bag of passengers on a transcontinental train, including a lesbian who tries to captivate a young girl and is murdered by another passenger to give her intended victim “a chance at real happiness with a man.”
ENGSTRAND, STUART. More Deaths than One. Julian Messner 1955, pbr Signet 1957. Mannish woman defending effeminate husband against charge of rape by kidnapping his victim and hiding her out, goes through a nervous breakdown involving a morbid and macabre attachment to the girl; horrible.
Sling and the Arrow. Creative Age 1947, hcr Sun Dial n.d., pbr Signet ca. 1951, (m).22
EMERY, CAROL. Queer Affair. pbo Beacon Books, 1957. Dancer Draga moves in with mannish Jo, runs into complications when she tries to desert Jo for a man. Evening waster but very good nevertheless ... the author got in some good attitudes and philosophies when the publisher wasn’t looking.
ENTERS, ANGNA. Among the Daughters. Coward McCann, 1955. Autobiographical novel of a girl who, like the author, finally becomes a dancer and choreographer. A good deal of space is devoted to a friendship between Lucy and another girl; the story is tinged with variance but never explicit.
ESTEY, NORBERT. All My Sins. A. A. Wyn, 1954. pbr Crest 1956. fco. Few very minor variant episodes in a long novel of the French courtesan Ninon l’Enclos.
EUSTIS, HELEN. The Horizontal Man. Harper 1946, pbr Pocket Books 1955. Offbeat psychological murder mystery.
EVANS, LESLEY. Strange are the Ways of Love. pbo Crest 1959. Love among the guitar-playing, folk-songing beatniks, with the lesbians playing Musical Beds. Evening waster.
EVANS, JOHN (pseud. of Howard Browne). Halo in Brass. Bobbs-Merrill 1949, pbr Bantam 1958. Hardboiled detective story; private eye Paul Pine is hired to locate runaway girl with no boy friends and many girl friends. Suspenseful, nice way to spend (not waste) a lazy evening.
EWERS, HANNS HEINZ. Alraune. John Day, 1929. Alraune is Evil incarnate—symbol of the Mandrake Root, destroying love in everyone with whom she comes in contact, bringing out their innate evil. Among those destroyed by Alraune are a pair of lesbian lovers. High-quality fantasy, unfortunately rare and rather expensive.
FADIMAN, EDWIN JR. The 21 Inch Screen. Doubleday 1958, pbr Signet 1960. TV bigshot Rex Lundy has woman trouble—his wife, his mistress, and his teen-age daughter. The latter is seeking the love she doesn’t get at home from a Greenwich Village lesbian friend. Excellent modern fiction.
The Glass Play Pen. pbo Signet 1956. Rich girl loses her parents, loses her money, and turns expensive call girl. One lesbian episode, treated with tenderness and sympathy.
see also EDWINA MARK.
FAIR, ELIZABETH. Bramton Wick. Funk & Wagnalls 1954. fco. Cozy little story of cozy little English village, including two maiden ladies who have lived together for many years. “It is all very light and airy and your old-maid aunt wouldn’t think it at all odd.” Apt to be in libraries.23
FAREWELL, NINA. Someone to Love. Messner 1959, pbr Popular Library, 1960. One brief, incomplete lesbian episode in a long, interesting novel of a woman’s continual search for real love in a life filled with fleeting liaisons.
+ FERGUSON, MARGARET. The Sign of the Ram. London, Philadelphia, The Blakiston Co, 1944-45. Sherida comes as companion-secretary to crippled Leah, passionately adored by her whole family including sixteen-year-old Christine. Subtly playing on Christine’s emotions, Leah spurs her to the point where she attempts to murder Sherida. On the surface, the motivation is simply the love of power, but Christine’s emotions are clearly variant; when the book was filmed, they carefully cast Christine as a girl of eleven, to make it unmistakable that her adoration was only “childish.”
FIRBANK, RONALD. The Flower Beneath the Foot. in Five Novels, New Directions, 1949. “Light and fluffy ... pure fun”.
Inclinations. in Three Novels. New Directions 1951, (m).
FITZROY, A.T. Despised and Rejected. London, C W Daniel, 1918. Lesbian incidents in a novel which is, however, mainly about persecution of Conscientious Objectors in World War I.
FISHER, MARY (PARRISH). Not Now but NOW. Viking 1947. Novel of an ageless, ruthless woman. A long episode on a college campus is lesbian in emphasis.
FISHER, VARDIS. The Darkness and the Deep. Vanguard, 1943, fco, a novel of the Stone Age.
FLAGG, JOHN. Dear, Deadly Beloved. Gold Medal pbo 1954.
Murder in Monaco. pbo Gold Medal 1957.
Both of these are fast-moving mysteries, in Mediterranean setting, both involving lesbian characters.
FLAUBERT, GUSTAVE. Salammbo. Classic French Novel in many editions and translations. A very long novel of a Babylonian High Priestess; some psychological and literary authorities consider it variant. The editors all say with one voice that it isn’t. BAYOR.
FLEMING, IAN. Goldfinger. Macmillan 1959. No data, BAYOR.
FLORA, FLETCHER. Desperate Asylum. pbo Lion Library 1955, pbr Pyramid 1959, tct Whisper of Love. An unhappy lesbian and a neurotic man who hates women because his mother was promiscuous, marry to find a mutual “asylum”. Predictably the marriage is unsuccessful, ending in murder and suicide.
Strange Sisters, pbo Lion Library 1954, pbr Pyramid 1960. Weird novel of a girl’s mental breakdown, indirectly blamed on her affairs with three cruel and sadistic women.24
Take me Home. Monarch Books, pbo 1959. A young writer’s slow captivation with a strange girl just escaping from the domination of an evil lesbian cousin. All three of these books, though anti-lesbian in bias, are very well and slickly written, and entertaining.
FORREST, FELIX. Carola. Duell, 1948. Brief recall of a lesbian episode in the heroine’s girlhood.
FORTUNE, DION. (pseud. of Violet B. Firth). Moon Magic. London, Aquarian Press, 1958, fco. Fascinating, funny novel of a modern sorceress and an inhibited, bad-tempered doctor.It is implied that his marriage failed because his wife, a hysteric shamming invalidism, prefers being cosseted by her faithful companion to reassuming marital duties.
FOSTER, GERALD. Strange Marriage. N. Y., Godwin 1943. Transvestite, rather than lesbian; heroine in man’s clothing actually marries a fantastically naive girl.
FOWLER, ELLEN T. The Farringdons. N. Y., Appleton, 1900. Three intense variant attachments by a motherless girl under twenty, which subside when she falls in love with a man.
FRANKEN, ROSE. Intimate Story. Doubleday, 1955. A novel by the author of the popular Claudia series.
+ FREDERICS, DIANA. (pseud); Diana, a Strange Autobiography. Dial 1939, pbr Berkley Books 1955, 1957, 1958. Well known story of a young musician/teacher’s discovery and slow acceptance and adjustment to her lesbian personality.
FRANK, WALDO. The Dark Mother. N. Y., Boni & Liveright, 1920, (m). A too-possessive mother ruins her son’s life.
FRIEDMAN, STUART. Nikki. Monarch Books, 1960, scv.
The Revolt of Jill Braddock. Monarch Books 1960. scv. Male and female homosexuality in a ballet company, with Jill in the middle. “Not as bad as Nikki, but still a pretty raw evening waster.”
GARLAND, RODNEY. The Heart in Exile. Coward McCann 1954, pbr Lion 1956, (m). Because of courageous approach to the basic problem of relations between the homosexual and his family, this story of a young homosexual in an unconventional household deserves shelfspace everywhere.
GARNETT, DAVID. A Shot in the Dark. Little, Brown 1959, pbr tct The Ways of Desire. Popular Library 1960. Complex, fast-moving adventure story, involving a great number of lesbians.25
GARRETT, ZENA. The House in the Mulberry Tree. Random House, 1959 Sensitive story of a girl of eleven, fascinated by an innocently appealing neighbor, a married woman. The mother, observing, innocent caresses between the two, separates them.
+ GARRIGUE, JEAN. “The Other One” ss in Cross Section, ed. by E. Seaver, Simon & Schuster, 1947.
GAUTIER, THEOPHILE. Mademoiselle de Maupin. Many editions, including Modern Library, n. d. also pbr Pyramid Books 1956, 1957, 1958. Classic novel of lesbianism.
GENET, JEAN. The Maids. Grove Press qpb 1954. Offbeat existentialist drama; involuted love among women.
GEORGIE, LEYLA. The Establishment of Madame Antonia. Liveright, 1932. Light entertainment about inhabitants of a high-class European bordello, including a young recruit protected by an older woman.
GIDE, ANDRE. The School for Wives. N. Y., Knopf, 1950
The Immoralist. Knopf 1930, hcr 1948, (m).
The Counterfeiters. Knopf 1927, (m).
GILBERT, EDWIN. The Hot and the Cool. Doubleday 1953, pbr tct
See How They Burn, Popular Library, 1959, (m). Minor and subtle homosexual overtones in a novel of jazz musicians.
GODDEN, RUMER. The Greengage Summer. Viking 1957, fco.
A Candle for St. Jude, Viking 1948, fco.
GOLDMAN, WILLIAM. The Temple of Gold. Knopf 1957, pbr Bantam 1958, (m) minor fco.
GOLDSTON, ROBERT. The Catafalque. Rinehart 1957, 1958. High-quality thriller about ill-fated archaeological expedition to Spain; crisis precipitated when a sinister Countess takes young Stephanie, the expedition leader’s daughter, to a grotto where a pagan goddess has been worshipped with lesbian rites and attempts to seduce her there.
GREENE, GRAHAM. The Orient Express. Doubleday 1933, pbr Bantam 1955. Trainful of mixed adventurers includes a lesbian between girl-friends but still trying.
GUDMUNDSSON, KRISTMANN. Winged Citadel. Holt, 1940, (m). Brief but very explicit homosexual interlude in a fine historical novel of Crete and the Bull-dancers.
GUNTER, ARCHIBALD. A Florida Enchantment. Home Pubs 1892. No data available, BAYOR.
HACKETT, PAUL. Children of the Stone Lions. G. P. Putnam 1955. An important lesbian character in a novel which has had good reviews.26
+ HAGGARD, SIR HENRY RIDER. Allan’s Wife. First published, 1889; now in print in Five Novels of H. Rider Haggard, Dover Press, 1951. A strange story, and this year’s special “find”.Allan, hero of the famous adventure-novelist’s KING SOLOMON’S MINES, is here shown as a young man, in love with Stella Carson—an English girl reared in the unspoilt beauty of a lost valley in Darkest Africa. The romance is complicated by the passionate jealousy of Hendrika—stolen in infancy by gorillas, reared as a female Tarzan, and rescued to be Stella’s companion, foster-sister and adorer. Hendrika first attempts to murder Allan; the scene in which she rages insanely at Allan for stealing Stella’s love, and Allan’s quiet acceptance of the “curious” fact that the strongest loves are not always between those of different sexes, places this book almost alone in forthright English treatment of variance for its date. From this high level of psychological realism, the story reverts to Haggard-type melodrama; Stella is kidnapped by Hendrika’s gorilla friends; dramatically rescued in a thrilling jungle battle; her death from exposure and Hendrika’s remorseful suicide complete the story. Strange, romantic, and quite in a class by itself.
HALES, CAROL. Wind Woman. Woodford Press 1953, pbr tct Such is My Beloved, Berkley 1958. Sad, sad, sad story of the psychoanalysis of a young lesbian such as was never seen on sea or land. Harmless and nitwitted ... read it and weep, or giggle.
see also LORA SELA.
+ HALL, RADCLYFFE. The Well of Loneliness. Many editions, some cheap hcr (Sun Dial ed, still in print, n. d.) also Permabooks pbr n. d. The classic first novel of a lesbian, written soon after WWI. Stephen Gordon, male in physique, temperament and character, seeks for lasting love and some measure of acceptance from a rejecting world.
The Unlit Lamp. N. Y., Jonathan Cape 1924; the endless sacrifice of a daughter into a sterile, wasted life because her mother cannot accept her right to live her own life.
Miss Ogilvy Finds Herself. Harcourt, Brace 1934. A lesbian finds her true destiny after a lifetime of serving her country. Overtones of science fiction.
A Saturday Life. London, Falcon Press, 1952 (orig. pub 1925). An attempt at farce, not overt anywhere.
HALL, OAKLEY M. Corpus of Joe Bailey. Viking 1953, Permabooks 1955, (m). Also contains a pathetic pair of lesbians, one camouflaging her true leanings by pretending to be the campus whore.
HARDY, THOMAS. Desperate Remedies. Harper 1896; still in print, London, the Macmillan Co, 1951 ($3.00). Brief but relevant episode in a novel by a classic English novelist.27
+ HARRIS, SARA. The Wayward Ones. Crown 1952, pbr Signet 1956,57 One of the few really good treatments of lesbian attachments in a girl’s reform school. Bessie, a wayward girl, is sent to a “good” reform school; at this stage she is naive, fairly innocent and presumably redeemable. The loneliness, the sadistic persecution by the corrupt or hardened matrons, and the “racket”—the enforced division of the school into “moms” and “pops”, by hardened young girl hooligans who like the power it gives them, and permitted by the matrons under the self-deception that these attachments are normal, schoolgirlish crushes—finally complete the girl’s corruption until it is certain that she will come out of school a confirmed young criminal, Sara Harris is herself a social worker; this painfully accurate picture of what our juvenile authorities contend with may, at least, give some insight into why the police and social agencies tend to be so violently anti-lesbian, It is hard to forget the picture painted in this book of the frightened Bessie insisting “I don’t never do no lovin’ with girls.’”—and the threats made to her. An absolute MUST book—on the other side.
HARRIS, WILLIAM HOWARD. The Golden Jungle. Doubleday 1957, pbr Berkley 1958. Brittle novel about a wall street banker; his beautiful wife is a lesbian, but he naively believes her faithful because she prefers the company of women.
+ HASTINGS, MARCH. Demands of the Flesh. Newsstand Library pbo, 1959. Ellen, a young widow suffering from physical frustration, goes through a period of promiscuity involving several men and a brief affair with a lesbian, Nita. Oddly enough for this sort of borderline-risque stuff, the lesbian character is well and realistically drawn; realizing that Ellen is basically normal, she helps keep her on an even keel until she remarries. Good of kind.
Three Women. pbo Beacon Books 1958. Good and sympathetic story of a young girl involved with a basically decent older woman, a lesbian, Byrne. Unfortunately Byrne is deeply involved with, and obligated to, her Insane cousin Greta, and the affair ends in tragedy, leaving young Paula to marry her faithful boy friend. The lesbian interlude, however, is treated not as a “twisted love in the shadows” or any such cliche matter, but simply as a human relationship, in its' total effect on Paula’s personality; and she always remembers Byrne with affectionate regret. Excellent of kind.
The Obsessed. Newstand Library Magenta Books, 1959. The psychoanalysis of a nymphomaniac, including an affair with her boy-friend’s lesbian sister. Not nearly as good as March Hastings’other books, and much more dedicated to sexy scenes at the expense of character and situation. Evening waster—almost scv. (It should be noted that some paperback publishers insist on a specified number of sex scenes, and in such a book as this one can almost hear the weary sigh with which the author abandons his story, which is going well, and stops everything for another measured dose of sexy writing for the nitwit audience.)28
HECHT, BEN. The Sensualists. Messner, 1959, pbr Dell 1959. A great deal of advance publicity built this up to a best-seller. Highly sensational shock-stuff; a supposedly happily-married woman discovers her husband is having an affair with a singer, Liza. When she comes in contact with Liza, however, she realizes that Liza is a lesbian, having affairs with men for camouflage purposes, and is soon herself captivated by Liza. From here events build up to highly shocking climaxes, including a ghastly murder. Not to be read after dark.
HEMINGWAY, ERNEST. “The Sea Change” ss in The Fifth Column and the First 49 Stories, P. F. Collier & Son, 1938. This volume also contains two stories dealing with male homosexuality;“A Simple Inquiry” and “Mother of a Queen.”
HELLMAN, LILLIAN. The Children’s Hour. Knopf, 1934. Also Random House 1942; also in Burns-Mantle, Best Plays of 1934-35. A rumor of lesbianism (unfounded) wrecks a school, and the lives of the women who own and manage it.
HENRY, JOAN. Women in Prison. Doubleday 1952, pbr Permabooks 1953. This is nonfiction, autobiographical account of a woman’s experience in two English prisons. Very good.
HEPPENSTALL, RAYNER. The Blaze Of Noon. Alliance 1940, pbr Berkley 1956, (m). Minor, fco and BAYOR.
HESSE, HERMAN. Steppenwolf. Henry Holt 1929. qpb Frederick Ungar, 1960. Symbolic (and classic) novel of man’s disintegration, caused by society’s ignorance. Contains highly sympathetic homosexual characters (male and female).
HIGHSMITH, PATRICIA. The Talented Mr. Ripley. Coward, 1955, pbr Dell 1959. (m, minor)
Strangers on a Train. Harper & Bros. 1950. (m, minor)
see also CLAIRE MORGAN
HILL, PATI. The Nine Mile Circle. Houghton, Mifflin 1957 fco. Dreamy story of two teenage girls and an idyllic summer during which they constantly pretend to be man and wife, on a girlish, unerotic level. Very nice.
HIMMEL, RICHARD. Soul of Passion. Star Pub, Co 1950. pbr tct.
Strange Desires, Croydon Pub. 1952, pbr Avon, tct.
The Shame, 1959, (m). No masterpiece but an interesting story about a man spending a week with his dead Army friend’s wife and recalling his long relationship with the dead man; over the week he slowly comes to acknowledge, and come to terms with the fact that their relationship had had overtones of homosexuality.29
HITT, ORRIE. Girl’s Dormitory. Beacon pbo 1958 scv.
Trapped. Beacon pbo 1954. scv.
Wayward Girl. Beacon pbo 1960 scv.
HOLK, AGNETE. The Straggler. (Trans, from the Danish by Anthony Hinton). London, Arco Pub. 1954, pbr tct.
Strange Friends, Pyramid Books 1955, very slightly abridged. Boyish Scandinavian Vita adopts a “little sister” but is quite unaware of the nature of her attraction to Hilda. In her late teens Hilda, stirred but unsatisfied by this attachment, makes an unwise marriage, and Vita undergoes a period of rootless drifting, a brief affair ending in separation, and finally makes a permanent arrangement with Hilda, whose unsuccessful marriage ended in divorce. Valuable for a portrait of European gay life, very unlike the American.
HOLLIDAY, DON. The Wild Night. Nightstand Books 1960 (no publisher’s address listed). Composite novel of six lives which converge on New Year’s Eve in a cheap Greenwich Village strip joint. “One of those unexpectedly good stories one finds among the floods of paperback trash.” One of the six characters is a lesbian.
HOLMES, (JOHN) CLELLON. Go. Scribner 1952, pbr Ace Books 1958, (m).
The Horn. Random House 1953, Crest pbr 1958, (m).
HOLMES, OLIVER WENDELL. Elsie Venner. Burt, 1859; many editions, a classic novel of a very strange girl, psychologically akin to poisonous snakes. In the course of this novel a curious and intense relationship develops between Elsie and a young schoolmistress named Helen; a compulsive domination, attraction and revulsion. One might suspect Dr. Holmes, whose medical writings and observations place him far ahead of his era psychologically, of gentelly camouflaging a portrait of variance, 100 years ago, by making the girl a creature of macabre fantasy.
+ HORNBLOW, LEONORA. The Love Seekers. Random 1957, pbr Signet 1958. The heroine’s hesitation between marriage with a steady and reliable man, and insecure excitement with a hoodlum, is resolved when her affairs are interrupted by concern for the daughter of a friend; the young lesbian, Mab, whose life has become entangled with some very shady characters.
+ HULL HELEN R. “The Fire” ss in Century Magazine, Nov 1917; Excellent story of a small-town girl’s love for a middle-*aged spinster who awakens her to a world beyond her small one.
“With One Coin for Fee”, novelette in Experiment, Coward-McCann 1938, 1939, 1940. An introspective spinster and a lifelong friend, trapped in a New England house during the 1939 hurricane; subtle but good.
The Quest. Macmillan, 1922. An over-emotional girl, seeking escape from home tensions, develops crushes on a classmate and on a teacher. her mother’s over-reaction turns the girl against variant attachments just as her30unhappy home turned her against marriage.
The Labyrinth. Macmillan, 1923. Variant attachments, among others, in a novel of a woman unhappy in domesticity and trying to find creative outlets.
Landfall. N. Y. Coward-McCann 1953. In a brittle and sarcastic novel of a brittle and sarcastic woman, the heroine, a capable businesswoman, alternately repulses and warms toward her adoring secretary—though she secretly scorns the girl’s devotion, she feels it would be a nuisance to break in a new secretary, so wishes to keep her captivated.
HUNEKER, JAMES. Painted Veils. Liveright 1920 (still in print); pbr Avon 1928. Unpleasant novel of the theatrical and literary world of that day; the heroine, Easter, (an opera singer) has a mannish satellite.
HURST, FANNIE. The Lonely Parade. N. Y. Harper 1942. Very minor mention of lesbians in a novel of lonely women at hotels.
+ HUTCHINS, MAUDE PHELPS McVEIGH. A Diary of Love. New Directions, 1950, pbr Pyramid 1952, 1960. Weird stuff, written with a detachment and delicacy reminiscent of the Colette novels. A teen-age girl, Noel, goes through a bizarre series of experiences in a strange household where her grandfather seduces his (male) music pupils and a nymphomanic, neurotic housemaid, Freida, successively seduces everyone from Grandpa down to Noel. Beautifully done.
Georgiana. New Directions, 1948. The second section of a sensitive, well-written novel is laid in a girl’s school; there are three important variant attachments, and as a result one of Georgiana’s classmates is expelled. In later life Georgiana blames her failure to find happiness on a “lesbian complex.”
My Hero. New Directions, 1953, (m).
ILTON, PAUL. The Last Days of Sodom and Gomorrah. pbo, Signet, 1956, 1957, (m). Historical, Biblical setting.
JACKSON, CHARLES. The Fall of Valor. Rinehart & Co, 1946, pbr Signet, 1950, (m).
The Lost Weekend. Farrar & Rinehart 1944, pbr Berkley 1955 and others.
"Palm Sunday" ss in collection The Sunnier Side, pbr Berkley nd and others, also in Cory, 21 Variations.
+ JACKSON, SHIRLEY. Hangsaman. Farrar, 1951. Frightening, macabre story of a lonely girl who conjures up a thrilling companion—who looks and acts like a boy but is clearly a girl. They meet secretly and engage in wild conversation and loveplay, and only slowly, with dawning horror, does the reader realize that the child is a split personality and the two girls are one and the same.31
The Haunting of Hill House. Viking, 1959. During the investigation of a reputed “haunted house”, two of the investigating party—Theo, an admitted lesbian, and Eleanor, a lonely, inhibited spinster—go through a curious, subtly delineated relationship wavering, with the intensity of the “haunting” of the house, from attraction to intense love to unexplained revulsion. Macabre; good of its kind.
JAMES, HENRY. Turn of the Screw. Macmillan 1898, hcr Modern Library n d, Pocket Books and other editions. Available everywhere. Some authorities consider subtle and understated lesbianism to be the mysterious motivations behind the scenes of this curious psychological ghost story of the struggle of a governess for the souls of two young children.
The Bostonians. Century Magazine 1885, hcr Dial 1945.
JOHNSON, KAY. My Name is Rusty. Castle Books, 1958. Allegedly a novel of a woman’s prison, complete with glossary of “prison slang”—but if the author has ever been inside a woman’s prison, or even done any authentic research, your editors will eat a copy of the book, complete with cover jackets. Brief plot; butchy Rusty makes a pass at prison newcomer Marcia, in order to share her commissary credits. When Rusty gets out of prison she marries and goes straight and Marcia kills herself. Read it and weep.
JONES, JAMES. From Here to Eternity. Scribners 1951, pbr Signet ca. 1952, (m).
KASTLE, HERBERT D. Koptic Court. Simon & Schuster 1958, pbr tct Seven Keys to Koptic Court, Crest 1959, (m).
KEENE, DAY and Leonard Pruyn. World Without Women. pbo Gold Medal, 1960, Science-fictional evening waster; all the women in the world die off, except a few, who must be carefully protected as potential mothers of the human race. One episode involves all the surviving lesbians, who barricade themselves in a prison. Good of type.
KENNEDY, JAY RICHARD. Short Term. World, 1959. This one is just out; reviews indicate some lesbian content, but this could be anything from a paragraph to three chapters. BAYOR.
KENT, JUSTIN. Mavis. Vixen Press 1953, pbr Beacon 1960. scv.“Mavis is married to a lush, so she dallies and so does he, and they are really a pair of dillies dallying....”
+ KENT, NIAL. (pseud of William LeRoy Thomas) The Divided Path. (m). Greenberg 1949, Pyramid pbr 1951, 1952, 1959. For once the plus is used to promote personal prejudice; various authorities call this book overly sentimental. But when this hardened reviewer finds herself in tears, she’s apt to think there must be something to it. Childhood, adolescence and manhood of Michael, a young homosexual, and his long-continued,32scrupulously self-denying relationship with a boyhood friend who does not suspect his friend’s “difference”.
KENYON, THEDA. That Skipper from Stonington. Messner, 1946. A juvenile novel, strangely enough, found in a high school library. The hero runs away to sea as a small boy and is protected by a man who is obviously homosexual, though the boy does not know it; the other men on the ship, suspecting that this relationship is unhealthy (it isn’t) hound the boy’s protector to suicide.
KEOGH, THEODORA. Meg. Creative Age Press 1950, pbr Signet 1952, 1956. Sublimated lesbianism in a very young girl.
The Double Door. Creative Age 1950, pbr Signet 1952, (m).
KESSEL, JOSEPH. The Lion. (trans. from French by Peter Green). N. Y. Knopf 1959. One editor saw subtle variant emotion in the mother’s attachment to a school friend.
KING, DON. The Bitter Love. Newsstand Library Magenta Book, 1959. Rather good evening waster about a supposed double murder, gradually solved by the slow revelation of the affair between Brenda and her 16 year old stepdaughter.
KING, MARY JACKSON. The Vine of Glory. Bobbs-Merrill, 1948. This won a prize as the best novel on race relations by a Southern writer for its year. A repressed, inhibited, small-town girl, Lavinia, at the mercy of elderly tyrannical relatives, forms a close friendship with a Negro man who was her only childhood friend. The friendship between Lavinia and Augustus is purely platonic; she attends a school he has set up for colored girls who wish to improve themselves, and he helps to find her a job; but enraged small-minded bigots bring on a lynching. Early in the book a preparation is laid for Lavinia’s lack of friends of her own sex and status by her unfortunate friendship with Dixie Murdoch, teen-age daughter of a Holy-roller preacher. While spending the night, Dixie attempts to make homosexual advances to the younger girl, and Lavinia becomes hysterical. The episode is brief, condemnatory and very realistic.
KIN, DAVID GEORGE. Women Without Men. Brookwood, 1958. The author calls this “True stories of lesbian life in Greenwich Village”. It represents a roundup of a dozen or so famous literary and artistic figures, presented as case histories. They are presented, picture after sordid picture, without a glimmer of understanding or real insight, though he sometimes shows smug sympathy for a few he claims to have reformed by something he calls “cultural therapy”.He baldly states in the preface; “I take my mental hygiene from Moses, rather than Freud, and have the Mosaic horror of homosexuality”. Despite this vicious slanting, the book is explicit, funny in places, and presumably verifiable—but certainly makes homosexuality look like a Fate Worse Than Death. The writing is straight from the tabloid newspapers.33
KINSEY, CHET. Kate. pbo, Beacon 1959. scv.
KOESTLER, ARTHUR. Arrival and Departure. Macmillan 1943. A man makes the most important decision of his life on the rebound of disillusion after discovering that a woman who risked her life to save him is a lesbian.
+ KRAMER, N. MARTIN (pseud. of Beatrice Ann Wright). Hearth and The Strangeness. Macmillan 1956, pbr Pyramid 1957. An excellent novel of the fear of inherited insanity in a family. The youngest child, Aliciane, becomes a lesbian; this is one of the few realistic and unromanticized portraits of the factors in the development of homosexuality from childhood.
Sons of the Fathers. Macmillan 1959, (m).
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